Appreciate the response, but I was referring to the Master File Table (MFT). After restoring the partition cannot be accessed at all. Then, I run chkdsk /f and get thousands of entries like the following:
Correcting error in index $I30 for file 436350
followed by thousands more like
Recovering orphaned file ~DF1EF1.tmp (25750) into directory file 218390.
As best I could tell, this seemed indicative of a corrupt MFT since it seems to be rebuilding the file and directory structure. After completing the chkdsk, I am able to browse the drive to a degree, although there seem to be some significant holes in my drive. I guess I could get to the level of using a raw file recovery tool, but this would this wouldn't get the drive booting again, which would eliminate the usefulness of the image over just putting the data files on the backup disk.
I noticed that my problem bears some resemblance to http://www.partimage.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=253
, although none of the suggestions there seemed to help my situation in any way.
Another possible item of interest is that the laptop has a "recovery partition" of approximated 6.5GB. I am not touching that, but it might cause the partition layout to be a little different than the norm, so I thought I would add that in case it is the cause of the chaos.